Nutrition greatly affects your metabolism and therefore your wellness and your body’s ability to function optimally. And this area continues to be controversial. A proper nutrition program has three components including measurement of nutritional status, food, and supplements or nutraceuticals. The third element is becoming increasingly important as our soil, and hence the food grown in our soil, is depleted more and more of essential nutrients due to toxins, pesticides, and overuse. The first step in addressing nutrition is to have the client keep a very detailed four day food diary, which includes one weekend day. This information is fed into a computer program, which calculates macronutrients and micronutrient intake and compares them to optimal intake. Genetic analysis of the genes that regulate metabolism is also performed. The results can be used to enact very specific changes in one’s diet that quickly and effectively optimize metabolism.
Many controversies exist on the macronutrient composition of the ideal diet. Yet now with genetic testing, we know that one size does not fit all. Everyone cannot be grouped into low fat vs low carb vs high protein etc. It seems that the best anti-inflammatory diet, that is, the one that produces the least amount of damaging oxidation and inflammation to the cells of the body includes about 30% protein, 30% fat and 40% carbohydrates.
But let’s examine several points. We know that diets high in refined carbohydrates lead to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. We also know that diets low in good fat can lead to dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease. And cholesterol is needed by the brain for optimal function and is needed by the body to produce sex hormones. There is ample literature in the last ten years to disprove the cholesterol causes heart disease myth and not one valid article in favor of it. So depending upon your genetics, a diet which is geared toward 20% low glycemic carbohydrates, 40% good fats and 40% protein may be ideal.